Flipped Classroom

Flipped classrooms require students to study the course material in-depth prior to coming to class and devote class time to activities such as exercises, discussions, experiments, etc. Typically, it allows reducing or canceling lecturing time to the benefits of these activities. Students are usually provided with a variety of resources, including a textbook, lecture slides, and videos, to be studied prior to lecture time.


In terms of implementation, some propose a partial implementation; this is called a partially-flipped or blended classroom (Caviglia-Harris, 2016; Lombardini et al., 2018Olitsky and Cosgrove, 2014; Olitsky and Cosgrove, 2016; Roach, 2014; Wozny et al., 2018).

Others propose the whole course to be flipped (i.e. 20% or less “chalk and talk”); this is known as a flipped classroom (Asarta and Schmidt, 2017; Balaban et al., 2016; Calimeris and Sauer, 2015; Caviglia-Harris, 2016Cosgrove and Olitsky, 2020; Craft and Linask, 2020Lombardini et al., 2018Olitsky and Cosgrove, 2016; Singh, 2020Swoboda and Feiler, 2016Vazquez and Chiang, 2015; Yamarik, 2019). 

The literature reports various levels of effectiveness for blended and flipped classrooms. The effectiveness of flipped classrooms is a current debate.

The Economics Instructor's Toolbox

Enhance Your Students Learning Experience

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The Economics Instructor's Toolbox was originally published in International Review of Economics Education

Picault, J. (2019), The Economics Instructor’s Toolbox, International Review of Economics Education 30,100154.